Beautiful Greenscape, or desert Moonscape? Don’t comprise your yard!Posted on 1348096042 by admin
A History of Roundup® Herbicide which changed the Green Industry.Posted on 1348096034 by admin
Desert Greenscapes shares a very interesting article on the history of Round Up: A Brief History of Roundup® Herbicide
Editor's Note: At the Oct. 11 Global Town Hall, Dr. John Franz, the inventor of glyphosate, will be honored in a special ceremony by Monsanto. In recognition of the phenomenal contribution that Roundup has made to Monsanto over the years, Monsanto Today is publishing a series of articles during October. This is the first - an overview of the history of the product. In May of 1970, a Monsanto chemist named John Franz synthesized N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine. Four years later, the compound, dubbed "glyphosate," hit the market as the active ingredient in Roundup herbicide. Back in 1970, however, the value of Franz' invention wasn't immediately recognized outside the research community. For a company focused on corn and soybeans, a herbicide that wasn't selective for any crop had questionable value for some of the marketing gurus of the day. "It kills everything green," they thought. "What good is that? Where's the selectivity?" But the extraordinary ability to control hard to kill perennial weeds and the unique environmental profile of the compound couldn't be overlooked, and once glyphosate's potential to open new markets was understood, the miracle molecule was fast tracked to commercialization. That meant that events typically done sequentially were done in parallel, a potentially costly and risky decision should anything go off track. Speed was so essential that a previously used product name was resurrected for the new product. The name Roundup was selected because Monsanto already owned that trademark from a product that had been dropped some years earlier. Roundup herbicide was introduced in 1974 sporting the same swirl logo it wears today. It was launched in three countries: U.S. for industrial uses, U.K. for use in wheat, and Malaysia for use in rubber plantations. Roundup got its first US crop label in 1976: for four crops and a handful of weeds. In spite of the sticker shock of the price per gallon ($60), which some farmers claimed was more than they paid for the land, people quickly saw the advantages of Roundup, and sales took off. Patents were filed in 115 countries, and Monsanto managers were rapidly learning the economics of unfamiliar markets like rubber plantations that could be open to them - thanks to glyphosate. Initially the Roundup brand was positioned as the premier solution for the control of perennial weeds where there were marginal to poor commercial control options available. Ag management poured resources into manufacturing, distribution, registration, sales, and marketing around the globe. Sales grew rapidly, fueled in part by end-user and product development initiatives that made the Roundup brand selective and more economical. Spot spraying, directed spays, low-rate technology, rope wick applicators, and re-circulating sprayers enabled growers to benefit from the efficacy, reliability and safety of Roundup in crop situations. In the early 1980s, however, a slowed growth curve compounded by generic glyphosates entering the market left Monsanto with excess manufacturing capacity. The price had to come down in order to meet the economics of conservation tillage, a potentially big market for glyphosate, and to compete with new generic entrants. Price elasticity studies concluded that a lower price would result in profitable volume increases - and, after some hand wringing, Roundup became the "affordable solution." Growers increased their use rates. Annual weed control became economical, and conservation tillage, industrial, and residential uses kicked into high gear. In 1985, Roundup brand herbicide sales started a double-digit climb, and the profits helped fuel a relatively new corporate focus on biotechnology. By 1985, Monsanto scientists had already achieved groundbreaking successes in introducing foreign genes into plant cells, and regenerating transformed cells into whole plants whose offspring carried the new trait. They also had a good understanding of glyphosate's mode of action. Those events set the stage for the big vision of glyphosate-resistant crops. The launch of Roundup Ready(r) soybeans in 1996 heralded a new era for Monsanto in the U.S. and another growth phase for Roundup agricultural herbicides. Although Roundup products had gone off patent in most countries by 1991, a U.S. patent remained in force until September 2000. The continued post-patent success of the Roundup brand product line speaks first to customer confidence in its efficacy and environmental profile generated over more than three decades of use. Backing Roundup brand agricultural herbicides with technical support and benefits such as the Roundup Rewards(r) program, and a continuous stream of innovations and new formulations have served to sustain its position as the world's leading herbicide brand. Through it all, the often "unsung heroes" in technology, engineering and manufacturing have met the challenges of volume increases (expected and unexpected) and cost reductions with their own continuous stream of innovations. Thirty-seven years ago, the outstanding herbicidal properties of glyphosate were confirmed with one word from a researcher, who upon seeing the test plots wrote: "Eureka." Today, Monsanto's glyphosate products are registered in more than 130 countries and are approved for weed control in more than 100 crops. Note: With respect to the time period prior to Sept. 1, 2000, references to Monsanto or the company refer to the agricultural business of Pharmacia Corporation, which was known as Monsanto Company until March 1, 2000. Copyright by Owner Desert Greenscapes is a licensed Landscape Contractor providing water wise landscape designs, syn thetic lawns and decorative pavers located in Las Vegas Nevada. Desert Greenscapes is a Water Smart Landscape Contractor by the Southern Nevada Water Authority SNWA. Desert Greenscapes can be reached at (702) 529-0377. Please see Desert Greenscapes' work at www.lvturf.com Mike is the landscape Designer and Business Development Manager for the firm Desert Greenscapes. He may be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
Winterize Your Las Vegas Landscape by Desert Greenscapes 529-0377Posted on 1348096042 by admin
Donald Moore of Desert Greenscapes encourages homeowners to winterize their Las Vegas landscaping and pipes. Save money by performing a little preventive maintenance and then relax and enjoy your yard this winter! Winter Landscape Tips from the SNWA:During the winter, sprinkler irrigation is limited to one assigned day per week. Make sure you water on your assigned watering day. Watering restrictions also apply to drip irrigation. Sunday is not an optional watering day. Water in the midmorning to avoid the afternoon winds that keep your sprinklers from hitting their grass target. You also will reduce the risk of icing that can occur if you water during early morning or evening.
Check your sprinklersTurn on your sprinklers after you mow and scan for broken or misaligned heads, as well as broken pipes. A twisted head could water your sidewalk instead of your grass.
Daylight saving time endsDon't forget to reset your irrigation clock when daylight saving time ends on the first Sunday in November. When you're changing your indoor clocks, make sure you also change the time on your irrigation clock. This also is a great time to check your clock's batteries.
Protect new plantsFebruary is usually mild enough to allow you to plant petunias, pansies, snapdragons and other cool-season annuals in a well-drained, highly enriched soil. Adding a protective mulch on the soil around your plants will conserve water so you don't have to water as often. Remember to stake new plants and water them deeply to prevent damage from winds and burning young leaves.
Revive rosesFertilize established rose bushes now to encourage spring blooms and put down a 3-inch layer of mulch around each plant. Always water before and after applying fertilizer.
Fertilize fruit plantsPeak blooming season is in the spring, and the best time to fertilize fruit trees and grapes is the six weeks before and after they bloom. Fertilize in late winter for the finest fruit.
Protect pipes and hosesThere are several steps you can take to protect the pipes and hoses in your home and landscape from cold weather:
- Disconnect and drain garden hoses when they are not being used.
- Insulate your irrigation back flow device by draping a towel over it and cover with a bucket or other protective cover that touches the ground.
- Wrap exposed irrigation pipes with pipe insulation, insulated "faucet socks," an old towel or duct tape.
- Set heat to 55 degrees when you're away to protect pipes and houseplants.
- Turn off the water valves to your washing machine to avoid flooding from burst hoses.
- Don't leave interior or exterior pipes dripping. Valley temperatures generally don't drop low enough for a long enough period of time to warrant it.
- Locate your water shut-off valve and learn how to turn off water at its source, so you can ward off damage from leaks or burst lines. Know how to turn off your irrigation back flow device as well.